MRP is a feature of SAP material management software that is usually applied in the activities of material planning in the course of duties pertaining material management. MRP is a shortened form of Material requirement planning. Material requirement planning encompasses a variety of features that aid it in the duty dispensation and material availability in an organization. At its inception, material requirement planning was established as a tool meant to help planners with an efficient tool for the organization and management of materials and schedule the flow when necessary. Material requirement planning involved tedious forecasting involving use of intensive paper works and a series of consultations before establishing a clear pattern of material flow and exchange between the different departments and people.

Material requirement planning produces systematic planners which are essential to ensure an efficient established flow and availability of material to the users of the product in an organization or even its customers. A planner produced in this case shows the entry of a product, exit, the schedules of obtaining the materials and as well has put in place an emergency plan in case of a dare demand for such a product or material for use by an organization in times when there is no much enough of the material. MRP has features which aid in the planning of the materials and the products as well. These features are universal and will automatically generate a possible range of an efficient planner for the material ensuring there is no crisis. These features have enabled SAP users to efficiently generate materials in a scheduled efficient flow giving out an opportunity for the firm to be in tandem with its set public objectives and the expectations as well.

Some of the vital features that enable efficiency in the Material requirement planning planners generated are;

Effective planning strategies which put into consideration the needs of the organization and the firm as well giving the management an easy time in the course of service delivery to her clients. The strategies are usually defined and limited not to the prevailing needs of the organization by the forecast of the future needs as well.

Another important feature is the planning types by the SAP software user for the data management. The types may be categorized according to priority or demand depending with whichever comes first. The types are then usually scheduled as determined by the order of urgency, importance or preference by the users, whichever comes with economic implication to the organization.

Master data is also another feature used by the MRP or rather material requirement planning as it is easily known. This includes examples such as the BOM or the routine master data which can be easily used in the planner and generation of the master planner in the MRP.

Finally, there is a feature of Lot sizing which is common among all products which you find they are given lot numbers. This may include including several types of different products or even the same product with slight variation.